How do you cite if there are 4 authors?
If there are four or more authors cite the first name listed in the source followed by et al. All authors’/editors’ names would be listed in your reference, no matter how many there are, as shown below.
How do you cite multiple authors in MLA?
If there are three or more authors, list only the first author followed by the phrase et al. (Latin for “and others”) in place of the subsequent authors’ names. (Note that there is a period after al in et al. Also note that there is never a period after the et in et al.).
How do you cite 4 authors in APA?
APA in-text citations with multiple authors If there are three or more authors, only include the first author’s last name followed by et al., meaning and others. Group authors known by their abbreviations (e.g., CDC) are written in full the first time and are abbreviated in subsequent citations.
How do you cite 3 authors in APA?
General Format: NOTE: If your reference has three to six authors, cite them all the first time mentioned in your paper. After that, use the first author’s last name, followed by et al. and the year).
How do you cite 3 authors examples?
Citing Works With Three or More Authors Include only the last name of the first author, followed by “et al.” and the year published in all narrative and parenthetical citations APA. Note: The reference entry should list the names of up to 20 authors.
How do you cite three authors?
In the citation, if a source has three or more authors, the name of the first author should be given, followed by the phrase “et al.” Example citations: It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent (Jones et al., 2011). Jones et al.
Can I use et al for 3 authors?
Once an in-text citation has been mentioned one time, all subsequent citations to a work with three or more authors should consist of the surname of the first author followed by et al. 3. Many writers use et al. correctly in terms of context but make italicization or punctuation errors.
Can you use et al in reference list?
The term “al.” is an abbreviation of “alii” and, the entire phrase “et al.” always follows at least one person’s name, job position, or title. With that said, “et al.” replaces author names in endnotes, footnotes, and in-text citations; however, it is NOT used in reference lists!
Can you use et al in a greeting?
Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don’t fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.
What is et al used for?
Academic writing is full of little conventions that may seem opaque to the uninitiated. One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler.
Does a comma go before et al?
When there are three to five authors, use all of their last names in the first citation, and afterwards use the first author’s name with et al. Use commas to separate the names, use an ampersand (&) instead of “and,” and place a comma before the date.
Do you put a comma after et al?
Remember that there is no comma between the surname and “et al.,” and the period goes only after the “al.” The English translation of “et al.” is “and others.” A helpful table of this rule can be found in APA 7, Table 8.1.
How do you use et al example?
The most common way you’ll see et al. used in academic papers is in references, both for in-text citations and in the reference list. For example, you might see the phrase, “Horowitz et al. (2012) published ground-breaking research,” which means that Horowitz and others published the research.