How old is Mount Papandayan?

How old is Mount Papandayan?

After its first historical eruption in 1772, in which collapse of the NE flank produced a catastrophic debris avalanche that destroyed 40 villages and killed nearly 3000 persons, only small phreatic eruptions had occurred prior to an explosive eruption that began in November 2002.

Is papandayan active?

This volcano is situated on the Indonesian island of the West Java, The Papandayan Volcano is a crater-filled semi-active volcano which is a stratovolcano referred as composite-cone volcano, this also contained fumarole fields that still have an active activity.

What type of volcano is papandayan?

Papandayan is a complex stratovolcano which is found in a row of volcanoes. It has very distinctive yellow crater walls due to coloring by sulfur. The crater is surrounded by forest and extends to the northwest by a long, steep chasm.

Are there more than 150 volcanoes in Indonesia?

Volcanoes in Indonesia are part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. The 150 entries in the list below are grouped into six geographical regions, four of which belong to the volcanoes of the Sunda Arc trench system. As of 2012, Indonesia has 127 active volcanoes and about 5 million people active within the danger zones.

How many ethnic groups are there in Indonesia?

There are 1,300 recognised ethnic groups in Indonesia. The vast majority of those belong to the Austronesian peoples. Based on ethnic classification, the largest ethnic group in Indonesia is the Javanese who make up about 40% of the total population.

How many Chinese people are in Indonesia?

Indonesia is home to around 7 million ethnic Chinese people or 3.3% of the total population.

How many Chinese are there in Indonesia?

According to some sources there are 7.2 million ethnic Chinese in Indonesia. According to other sources they make up 1.2 percent of the population, which would mean there are about 3 million of them.

How old is Indonesia?

Fossilised remains of Homo erectus, popularly known as the “Java Man”, suggest the Indonesian archipelago was inhabited two million to 500,000 years ago. Homo sapiens reached the region around 43,000 BCE.

How many races are there in Indonesia?

1,300 ethnic groups
As one of the most ethnically diverse societies, Indonesia consists of 1,300 ethnic groups with at least 95 percent native to the archipelago. Minority migrant groups, such as Chinese, Arab and Indian, make up the remainder.

Which city in Indonesia has the most Chinese?

The largest populations of Chinese-Indonesians are now mostly in the cities of Jakarta, Surabaya, Medan, Pekanbaru, Semarang, Pontianak, Makassar, Palembang and Bandung.

Is Mount Papandayan still active?

Mount Papandayan has several summit craters and is very much alive, volcanically speaking. The most catastophic eruption was in 1772, but there are fairly regular eruptions, the last major one being in 2002. Apparently the mountain was over 3,000m high before the 18th century eruption though how this is known is unclear.

What is the highest point of Papandayan?

The very highest point of Papandayan (2,675m) is actually an unmarked spot known as Gunung Malang in moderately dense vegetation 140 metres above to the west of the vast open plains and presumably formed part of an ancient crater wall many centuries ago.

When did the eruption of the Papandayan volcano start?

News agencies reported that an eruption began at Papandayan on 11 November. According to a police officer on duty in a nearby town, ash and lava emitted from one of the volcano’s craters began flowing into the nearby Cibeureum River at 1600.

What is the alert level for Papandayan Crater?

On 13 August 2011, CVGHM announced that the Alert Level for Papandayan had been increased to 3 (on a scale of 1-4) based on seismicity, deformation, geochemistry, and visual observations. Visitors and residents were warned not to venture within 2 km of the active crater. The increase spurred multiple news reports.