What does banking mean in flight?
Banking — Pushing the control stick in the cockpit to the left or right makes the ailerons on one wing go down and the ailerons on the other wing go up. This makes the plane tip to the left or right. This is called Banking. Banking makes the plane turn.
What are some flying terms?
An A-Z of aviation terms and definitions
|Roll||Motion on an aircraft along its nose-to-tail axis.|
|Rudder||A vertical control surface in the tail of an airplane, which controls the side-to-side movement (YAW) of an aircraft.|
|Runway||A rectangular area of the ground set aside for aircraft to land and take-off.|
What does the word check mean aviation?
to show your ticket at an airport so that you can be told where you will be sitting and so that your bags can be put on the aircraft: Passengers are requested to check in two hours before the flight.
Why does stall speed increase with bank angle?
When you turn, you need to increase your total lift to maintain altitude. You increase your total lift by increasing your angle of attack, which means you’re closer to stall than you were in wings-level flight. And, your stall speed increases in proportion to the square root of your load factor.
What is the advantage of banking?
Your money will be protected from theft and fires. Plus, your money will be federally insured so if your bank or credit union closes, you will get your money back. The maximum amount of money that can be insured is $100,000. Many banks offer an interest rate when you put your money in a savings account.
What is Altimeter used for?
An altimeter is a device that measures altitude—a location’s distance above sea level. Most altimeters are barometric, meaning they measure altitude by calculating the location’s air pressure.
What does Niner Niner mean?
Aviators often speak “pilot English” to avoid miscommunications over radio transmission. “Tree” for instance, means three, “fife” is the number five and “niner” means nine, says Tom Zecha, a manager at AOPA.
What do pilots say before landing?
Thank you.” To indicate the landing clearance or final approach, the Captain will either make the following announcement and/or blink the No Smoking sign. “Flight attendants, prepare for landing please.” “Cabin crew, please take your seats for landing.”
What is the schedule of a check aviation?
The A check is performed approximately every 400-600 flight hours, or every 200–300 flights, depending on aircraft type. A check maintenance is typically done at a hangar and can take a minimum of 10 working hours depending on the services needed.
Why do we need to inspect our aircraft?
The aircraft inspection process is key to the proper performance and airworthiness of any aircraft. Without proper inspections, aircraft are like to run with less effectiveness and to have components and parts that wear down easily and break down in a jam.
How many G’s is a 45 degree bank?
Load factor and accelerated stalls: A constant-altitude turn with 45 degrees of bank imposes 1.4 Gs, and a turn with 60 degrees of bank imposes 2 Gs. Stall speed increases with the square root of the load factor, so an airplane that stalls at 50 knots in unaccelerated, level flight will stall at 70 knots at 2 Gs.
What are the factors that affect aircraft stalls?
Factors such as total weight, load factor, power, and center of gravity location affect stall speed—sometimes significantly. Stall speed increases as weight increases, since wings need to fly at a higher angle of attack to generate enough lift for a given airspeed.
What are the two most common types of altimeter used?
The two main types are the pressure altimeter, or aneroid barometer, which approximates altitude above sea level by measuring atmospheric pressure, and the radio altimeter, which measures absolute altitude (distance above land or water) based on the time required for a radio wave signal to travel from an airplane, a …
Why do pilots say Niner?
Aviators often speak “pilot English” to avoid miscommunications over radio transmission. “Tree” for instance, means three, “fife” is the number five and “niner” means nine, says Tom Zecha, a manager at AOPA. The variations stemmed from a desire to avoid confusion between similar-sounding numbers, he says.
Why do pilots say Roger?
In 1915, pilots began making the switch over from morse code wireless telegraphy to voice commands. “R” was already in place to mean “received,” something that aviators didn’t see a need to change. But just saying “r” could lead to communication errors. So they took “Roger” from the U.S. phonetic alphabet.
Why do pilots say heavy?
When a pilot uses the phrase “heavy,” he is reminding ATC that his aircraft is large and requires more separation between it and the aircraft following.
How long does a typical D check take on a 747?
The landing gear is removed and overhauled with the aircraft supported on massive jacks. All of the aircraft systems are taken apart, checked, repaired or replaced and reinstalled. Each D Check costs several million dollars and takes about three to six weeks, but it’s almost like a brand new plane by the end of it.