What is the most common cause of leukocoria?

What is the most common cause of leukocoria?

The cause which is rare in other country may be more common in our country. Common causes of Leukocoria in children upto 10 years of age are Congenital Cataract, Retinoblastoma, Persistent fetal vasculature, Coats disease, Retinal detachment.

What causes leukocoria?

Leukocoria can be caused by abnormalities in the lens (eg, cataract), vitreous (eg, hemorrhage), or retina (eg, retinoblastoma) (table 1) [1,2]. It can be the initial manifestation of a wide spectrum of intraocular and systemic disease processes [3-7].

Why does leukocoria occur in retinoblastoma?

Because of the potentially life-threatening nature of retinoblastoma, a cancer, that condition is usually considered in the evaluation of leukocoria. In some rare cases (1%) the leukocoria is caused by Coats’ disease (leaking retinal vessels)….Leukocoria.

Specialty Ophthalmology, pediatrics

What are the differential diagnosis of leukocoria?

These include persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV), Coats’ disease, ocular toxocariasis, retinopathy of prematurity, retinal hamartomas (Bourneville’s tuberous sclerosis, von Recklinhausen’s disease), congenital falciform fold or organized vitreous hemorrhage (Howard and Ellsworth 1965a; Shields, Shields et …

Can coloboma cause leukocoria?

Retinochoroidal coloboma usually presents as leukocoria. Rhegmatogenous Retinal detachment is the most common complication.

Can glaucoma cause leukocoria?

Leukocoria can be caused by congenital or acquired eye diseases. This is an ophthalmologic emergency particularly because of the need to promptly diagnose and treat conditions such as retinoblastoma, glaucoma, retinal detachment and infections.

Is retinoblastoma unilateral?

Unilateral retinoblastoma is the most common form of the disease, representing 60% of cases. Most cases of unilateral retinoblastoma (85%) develop in the retina as a result of somatic mutations of the retinoblastoma gene.

Does Chorioretinitis cause leukocoria?

It usually affects young patients. It is unilateral in 90% of cases. The child can have leukocoria, eye pain, strabismus, and profound monocular loss of vision. It commonly causes chronic endophthalmitis, granulomas in the posterior pole, or peripheral retina.

What does Leukocoria mean?

Leukocoria, meaning “white pupil,” originates from the Greek words “leukos” (white) and “kore” (pupil). It refers to the reflection of white light seen upon direct illumination of the fundus through the pupil, in contrast to the usual red glow. Leukocoria of the right eye due to retinoblastoma.

Does congenital glaucoma cause leukocoria?

What causes white eye in photos?

Light shining off the optic nerve: this is the most common cause of a white reflex or white pupil in a photo. Light entering the eye at a certain angle may be reflected from the optic nerve. This becomes magnified and the white eye effect may be seen.